The article also states:
“Federal fraud charges are fairly straightforward; they apply to any scheme to acquire money or property through deceit or misrepresentation,” said Daniel C. Richman, a professor of law at Columbia University and former federal prosecutor. “In this case, the authorities would have to prove that Armstrong was misrepresenting himself to sponsors by saying that he was clean but was actually using performance-enhancing drugs and profiting from it.”If I was involved in the investigation, I would generate a list of people to talk to for evidence that Lance has been lying and, therefore, committing fraud regarding his use of performance enhancing drugs. In addition to Floyd Landis, here is a short list of people I would talk with first:
- Lance's former teammate and friend (similar to Floyd Landis), Frankie Andreu, and his wife Betsy testified that they "overheard Armstrong tell his oncologist that he had used “steroids, testosterone, cortisone, growth hormone and EPO.”
- Authors of a Danish article (translated to English) which claims that Armstrong admitted that he paid large sums of money to UCI (the international cycling agency that enforces doping violations). This article suggests there is strong evidence that Lance and Johan Bruyneel have been influencing the UCI as Landis suggested.
- Authors of several books that document other associates of Armstrong who claim they have knowledge of him doping including the French book titled "L. A. Confidentiel : Les secrets de Lance Armstrong" (L. A. Confidential : Lance Armstrong's Secrets). An english book was written by one of the same authors as "L.A. Confidentiel..." titled: "From Lance to Landis: Inside the American Doping Controversy at the Tour de France."
- Armstrong's former masseuse, Emma O'Reilly, who claimed Armstrong once "asked her to dispose of used syringes and to give him makeup to conceal needle marks on his arms."
- Armstrong's former Motorola teammate, Steve Swart, who said under oath that he, Armstrong and other riders began using drugs in 1995 because they were frustrated by their results.
- The author of the 2005 French sporting newspaper, Le Equipe, article that alleges that six urine samples from Armstrong's 1999 Tour de France were re-tested using newer EPO detection technology that can be used with urine and showed he was doping in the 1999 Tour.
- James Startt and Greg LeMond who claim that Stephanie McIlvain, who was Armstrong's contact at Oakley Inc., said that she heard the same things that Frankie and Betsy Andreu claimed to have heard (see #1 above).
- Michael Ashenden who is an Australian researcher who testified in court (and has claimed elsewhere) that Armstrong's (hematocrit) levels were shown to be rising and falling over various tests during the Tour de France which is, according to Ashenden, consistent with a series of EPO injections.
After compiling this list, I think I'm past the point where I could be like my cycling friend who told me yesterday that he has conscientiously decided to be in denial so he can enjoy watching pro cycling and watch his Lance Armstrong videos when he rides in the winter! For me, the party is over...